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How does a Heat Pump System Work

Have you ever wondered how your heating system turns cold air into warm air? What about how your A/C keeps you cool? It's not magic. It's science! The conversion of warm air into cool air (as well as the other way around) wouldn't happen without the aid of a heat pump system.

What's a heat pump system and how do you keep it running? As a homeowner, here's what you need to know

What's a Heat Pump System?

A heat pump is a device that transfers warm between two places. Although they're staples of home heating and cooling systems, heat pumps are the core innovation behind various other home devices, like your fridge and also freezer. In the case of a fridge, the heat pump works on 'cooling mode.'

Exactly How Does a Heat Pump Work?

A heat pump works by harnessing the cycle of evaporation and condensation to transfer heat.

The process begins when a compression sends a chemical refrigerant between the two coils. In the first coil, the refrigerant evaporates and absorbs heat. Then, the refrigerant travels in its compressed form to the second heat exchanger coil. It then condenses at a higher pressure, and the coil releases the heat.

As we said earlier, your refrigerator is an example of a heat pump system working on cooling mode. The system still works because the heat pump cycle is reversible: it can heat during the winter and cool the air when summer arrives.

Where does the heat come from? Home heat pumps are either air-source or ground-source (geothermal). Air-source heat pumps absorb or reject heat from the air depending on the season. A ground-source pump does the same thing using heat from the ground or even groundwater. Ground-source heat pumps are increasingly common.

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Heat Pump Maintenance

Heat pumps are electric systems that require normal upkeep to ensure they run at their highest capability.

To help keep your heating & cooling system running, you need to:

  • Keep your coils clean
  • Monitor refrigerant levels
  • Inspect the electrical components
  • Monitor your operational controls


Fortunately, when you conduct your annual HVAC inspection, your technician will check these components to ensure your heat pump if functional.

Maintaining your heat pump is critical for the operation of your HVAC system, identifying issues early makes it simpler to solve them. Some of the common heat pump issues include:

  • Sudden loss of heat
  • Incorrect cycling
  • Making strange noises


If you let these go on too long, they can break the heat pump. Typically, if you need to replace your heat pump, you must replace the entire system, including both the outdoor condensing unit and the coil in your furnace.

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Routine Heat Pump Maintenance is a Must

What's a heat pump system? It's crucial to cooling and heating. A heat pump uses evaporation and also condensation to transfer warm, so you can stay comfortable throughout the year.

Servicing your heat pump with your HVAC system will certainly determine problems early and avoid them from being costly. When was the last time you had your cooling and heating system examined? Arrange your next inspection with your Shelton 1-800-Plumber. Our name is our number!

I was very impressed with Nick and that he was very professional. This was the first time we had used 1-800 Plumber and it wont be the last. Nick went above and beyond. read less

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Mason with 1-800-Plumber first listened to my issues and past experiences with other plumbing companies. He did a thorough diagnosis of the problem and found a solution, the correct solution which wasn't the most expensive solution. Thanks for your honesty Mason.

Carolyn P.

Justin and Richard from electric cane. Did a superb job! Highly recommend always!

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Emanuel Reyes replaced my kitchen faucet and sink basket strainer today, 3/2/20. I appreciate the quality of his work. Emanual did a fantastic job. If I need a plumber in the future, I'll call 1-800-Plumber and ask for Emanuel Reyes.

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Swayze did a wonderful job yesterday, he answered all my questions perfectly, was very respectful and took the time to clean up his mess. I am really impressed and pleased with his work. read less

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z was fantastic! Very nice and easy to talk to and he explained everything perfect! Very professional! I would recommend him to anyone !

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Emanuel Reyes arrived on time and was extremely courteous and professional. Evaluated problem and took care of it in extremely short time and price was very fair. Will call again when necessary.

John T.

Emanuel Reyes did a very thorough job and was very courteous.

Charles M.

Kyle came when he said he would. He stayed in touch through out the day. Was very quick and efficient. If you need a plumber call Kyle.

Ashley C.

My daughter Natalie Permenter actually ordered the service. I'm at her house during the day to keep my grandson. I was very impressed by Emanuel, the plumber that cam. He was very professional and seemed to really care about his clients. Natalie tells me the lady in the office also showed professionalism and a genuine desire to help. Emanuel was disappointed that he couldn't get the job done on day one; but promised to come back the next day. True to his word he was here bright and early. I am so impressed to finally find a company that really cares about the consumer; not just the dollar.

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Serving Shelton, CT and the Surrounding Areas

1-800-PLUMBER +AIR of Shelton
97 Bridgeport Ave #8
Shelton, CT 06484
203-625-1477

Our Service Area:
06468, 06484, 06606, 06883, 06890,
06880, 06881, 06611, 06612, 06851,
06824, 06851, 06824, 06825, 06855,
06807, 06820, 06830, 06840, 06850,
06853, 06854, 06858, 06859, 06870,
06878, 06889, 06897, 06901, 06902,
06905, 06906, 06907, 06910, 06911,
06927, 06903, 06831.